the book bibliography glossary inns proverbs signs selections gallery chronology links





The bibliography has two sections. Literary Works lists 'primary' literature, that is, novels, plays, poems etc with a substantial interest in alehouses, taverns, inns, pubs etc. Critical Works contains general writings about drinking, drinking houses and related literature, e.g. historical surveys, sociological studies, and also works with a passing interest. There are links here to some of the works themselves.

For those wishing to plunge with a sense of purpose into critical works I would suggest the following tomes as good places to start.

Three books stand supreme in writing the history of all things to do with drink-culture in England: John Bickerdyke's The Curiosities of Ale and Beer: An Entertaining History, London, Swan Sonnenschein, 1889 (more recently published by Spring Books, 1965), R. V. French's Nineteen Centuries of Drink in England: A History, London, National Temperance Publication Depot, 1884, and Frederick W. Hackwood, Inns, Ales, and Drinking Customs of Old England, London, T. Fisher Unwin, 1910 (available in a more recent edition, Bracken Books, 1985.) Later books are often heavily dependent upon these sources for their information.

James Nicholls' excellent The Politics of Alcohol: A History of the Drink Question in England (Manchester University Press, 2011) takes in economics, philosophy, and literature, as well as politics, and is highly recommended.

Peter Clark's The English Alehouse: 1200-1830 (Longman, 1983, sadly out of print) is the seminal book covering the social significance of this institution.

Andrew Barr's Drink: An Informal Social History is informataive and entertaining (Bantam Press, 1995). It discusses non-alcoholic beverages as well as the intoxicating kind.

Anya Taylor's Bacchus in Romantic England. Writers and Drink, 1780-1830, (Houndmills, Basingstoke, Macmillan, 1999), discusses the Romantics in relation to drink, and incorporates some exploration of material that is 'non-literary', such as medical and sociological literature.

For the medical background, Roy Porter's introduction to Thomas Trotter's An Essay Medical, Philosophical, and Chemical on Drunkenness puts much of the debate around drunkenness and 'alcoholism' into perspective, and Trotter's 1804 work itself is worth browsing for its literary quotations as much as its medical thesis. The insights into the treatment of habitual drinking, especially its social context, are quite forward-looking. There is also a large section on the feasibility of 'spontaneous combustion', since it was thought that spirituous liquors might be responsible for this mysterious event.

Apart from legal reference texts, the Webbs' The History of Liquor Licensing Law (1903, available as a Cass reprint, 1966) has much of the main material, although French's book (above) also has much legal-based information. Current legislation in England is in the Licensing Act 2003 (link to text). The book I used for The Pub in Literature was Matthew Pink's Liquor-Licensing Law and Practice (London, Sweet and Maxwell, 1991).

Pete Brown's Man Walks into a Pub: Sociable History of Beer (2010, second edition) is a good introduction to the history of pubs etc, and is excellent on contemporary trends in drinking, pub design and beer products.




I would recommend the following sites for their current engagement in research, teaching and dissemination:

Warwick Drinking Studies Network, 'The Warwick Drinking Studies Network is an interdisciplinary research group that brings together scholars who work on any aspect of drink and drinking culture in any society and in any time period.'

Intoxicants and Intoxication in Cultural and Historical Perspective Network, 'Its aim is to gain some perspective on the nature and scope of intoxicants and intoxication as enduring and ubiquitous social and cultural phenomena, by bringing together scholars whose interests and expertise range across disciplines, geographies and time periods.' Convenors: Dr Phil Withington (University of Cambridge) and Angela McShane (Victoria and Albert Museum).

Beat Kumin's 'The World of the Tavern in Early Modern Europe', an undergraduate module at Warwick University. The site gives you access to module details, including an up-to-date bibliography.





Ames, Richard, A Search after Wit; Or a Visitation of the Authors: In Answer to the late Search After Claret, Or visitation of Vintners, 'By an Under-Drawer at the --'s Head Tavern in Gate-Street', London, 1691.

Amis, Kingsley, Lucky Jim, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1962 [1954].

Amis, Martin, London Fields, London, Penguin, 1990 [1989].


Bronte, Anne, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, Thomas Nelson, Edinburgh, n.d., [1848].

Burke, Thomas, The Winsome Wench. The Story of a London Inn 1825-1900, London, Routledge, 1938.


Centlivre, Susanna, The Man's Bewitch'd; or The Devil to do About Her (1709).

Chesterton, G. K., The Flying Inn, London, Methuen, 1954 [1914].

Cooper, William, Scenes from Provincial Life, London, Macmillan, 1969 [1950].

Coppard, A. E., The Black Dog and Other Stories, London, Jonathan Cape, 1923.

Curtin, Michael, The League Against Christmas, London, Fourth Estate, 1997 [1989].


De Quincey, Thomas, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1998 [1821].

Dickens, Charles, Barnaby Rudge, London, Penguin, 1997 [1841].

--- David Copperfield, London, Penguin, 1996 [1850].

--- Hard Times, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1982 [1854].

--- Nicholas Nickleby, London, Penguin, 1986 [1839].

--- The Old Curiosity Shop, London, Penguin, 1985 [1841].

--- Oliver Twist [or, the Parish Boy's Progress], London, Penguin, 1985 [1837-9].

--- Our Mutual Friend, London, Penguin, 1985, [1864-5].

--- The Pickwick Papers, London, Penguin, 1986 [1836-7].

--- Sketches by Boz, London, Penguin, 1995 [1839].

Dogget, Thomas, The Country-Wake, London, 1692.


Eliot, George, Felix Holt: The Radical, London, Penguin, 1995 [1866].

--- Scenes of Clerical Life, London, Penguin, 1998 [1857].

--- Silas Marner, London, Penguin, 1996 [1861].


Farquhar, George, The Beaux Stratagem, A. Norman Jeffares, ed., Edinburgh, Oliver and Boyd, 1972 [1707].

Fielding, Henry, Joseph Andrews, London, Penguin, 1977 [1742].

--- Journal of a Voyage to Lisbon, London, Chiswick Press, 1892.

--- Tom Jones, London, Penguin, 1985 [1749].


Gascoyne, George, A Delicate Diet, for daintie mouthde droonkards. Wherein the fowle abuse of common Carowsing, and Quaffing with hartie draughtes, is honestlie admonished, London, 1576, reprint, 1789.

Gay, John, The Beggar's Opera, eds. Bryan Loughrey and T. O. Treadwell, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1986.

--- 'Wine. A Poem', Chadwyck-Healey Full-Text Poetry Database [1708].

Gissing, George, The Nether World, London, Dent, 1973 [1889].

--- 'The Pig and Whistle' in The House of Cobwebs (1906).

Greene, Richard Leighton, ed., A Selection of English Carols, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1962.


Hamilton, Patrick, Hangover Square: A Story of Darkest Earl's Court, London, Penguin, 1974 [1941].

--- Money with Menaces and To the Public Danger (radio plays), London, Constable, 1939.

--- Twenty Thousand Streets Under the Sky. A London Trilogy (The Midnight Bell, The Siege of Pleasure, The Plains of Cement), London, Constable, 1935.

Hampson, John, Saturday Night at the Greyhound, London, Hogarth Press, 1986 [1931].

Hardy, Thomas, Jude the Obscure, Ware, Herts, Wordsworth, 1995 [1895].

---The Mayor of Casterbridge, London, Penguin, 1994 [1886].

Hoccleve, Thomas, La Male Regle De T. Hoccleve, [1405], in Selections from Hoccleve, M. C. Seymour, ed., Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1981, pp. 12-23.


'Joan's Ale is New; Or: A new merry Medly, shewing the power, the strength, the operation, and the vertue that remains in good Ale, which is accounted the Mother-drink of England,' 1670, in a collection of English Ballads, British Library.

Jonson, Ben, The New Inn [1629], Michael Hattaway, ed., Manchester, Manchester University Press, 1984.

--- Bartholomew Fair [1614], Maurice Hussey, ed., London, Ernest Benn, 1964.

Judges, A. V., The Elizabethan Underworld. A Collection of Tudor and early Stuart tracts and ballads telling of the lives and misdoings of vagabonds, thieves, rogues and cozeners, and giving some account of the operation of the criminal law, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1965 [1930].


Kingsley, Charles, Alton Locke, London, Collins, n.d. [1850].


Langland, Piers the Ploughman, Harmondsworth, Penguin, translated into modern English by J. F. Goodridge, revised edition, 1966.

Lydgate, John, Ballad on an Ale-seller.


More, Hannah, 'The Gin-Shop: Or, a Peep into a Prison'.

Morrison, Arthur, A Child of the Jago, Woodbridge, Suffolk, The Boydell Press, 1982 [1896].

--- The Hole in the Wall, London, Methuen, 1902.

--- Tales of Mean Streets, London, Methuen, 1896.


Nashe, Thomas, The Unfortunate Traveller and Other Works, ed. J. B. Steane, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1972.

--- A Pleasant Comedie, called Summers last will and 'Testament', London, 1600.


O'Neill, J. M., Duffy is Dead, London, Heinemann, 1987.


Powys, T. F., Mr Weston's Good Wine, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1976 [1927].


Sillitoe, Alan, Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, London, Flamingo, 1994 [1958].

'Sir John Barleycorn', in Ancient Ballads, and Songs of the Peasantry of England, Taken Down from Oral Recitation, And Transcribed From Private Manuscripts, Rare Broadsides, and Scarce Publications, collected and edited by John Henry Dixon, Wakefield, Yorkshire, E P Publishing Limited, 1973 [London 1846], pp. 120-2.

Swift, Graham, Last Orders, 1996.


Taylor, John, Ale Alevated into the Ale-titude: Or, A Learned Oration before a Civill Assembly of ALE-Drinkers..., London, 1651.

--- Drinke and welcome: or the Famous Historie of the most part of Drinks, in use now in the Kingdomes of Great Brittaine and Ireland, London, 1637.

--- The Pennyles Pilgrimage, or The Money-less perambulation, of John Taylor, Alias the Kings Majesties Water Poet..., London, 1618.


Ward, Ned, The London Spy, edited by Paul Hyland from the Fourth Edition of 1709, East Lansing, Colleagues Press, 1993.

--- Apollo's Maggot in his Cups: or, the Whimsical Creation of a Little Satyrical Poet (1729).

--- Nuptial Dialogues and Debates (1723), Dialogue XVIII, 'Between a teazing Husband, and his vexatious tipling Wife'.

--- The Compleat Vintner: Or, the Delights of the Bottle (1720).

--- The Hudibrastick Brewer: Or, a Preposterous Union Between Malt and Meter (1714).

--- A Compleat and Humorous Account of all the Remarkable Clubs and Societies in the Cities of London and Westminster, London, J. Wren, 1756 [1709].

--- The Rambling Fuddle-Caps: Or, A Tavern-Struggle For a Kiss, London, 1709.

--- The Rise and Fall of Madam Coming-Sir: Or, An Unfortunate Slip from the Tavern-Bar, Into the Surgeon's Powdering-Tub, Stamford, Lincolnshire, 1720 [1703].




Ken Albala, Eating Right in the Renaissance, 2002.

--- Food in Early Modern Europe, 2003.

Amussen, Susan Dwyer, 'The Gendering of Popular Culture in Early Modern England', in Harris, ed., Popular Culture, pp. 48-68.

Ashton, Robert, 'Popular Entertainment and Social Control in Later Elizabethan and Early Stuart London', London Journal 9 (1983) 3-19.

Ashworth, William, Customs and Excise : Trade, Production, and Consumption in England, 1640-1845, 2003.

Askwith, Lord, British Taverns. Their History and Laws, London, Routledge, 1928.

Assheton, William, A Discourse Against 1. Drunkenness. 2. Swearing and Cursing..., London, 1692.

Austin, Gregory, Alcohol in Western Society from Antiquity to 1800 (1985)


Babor, Thomas et al, Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity. Research and public policy. Second Edition. Oxford: OUP, 2010.

Baggott, Rob, Alcohol, Politics and Social Policy, Aldershot, Hants., Gower Publishing, 1990.

Bamford, Samuel, The Autobiography of Samuel Bamford 2 vols. Volume I: Early Days [1848- 9]; Volume 2: Passages in the Life of a Radical [1839-41], ed. W. H. Chaloner, London, Frank Cass, 1967.

Barr, Andrew, Drink. An Informal Social History, Bantam, London, 1995.

Barry, Jonathan, 'Literacy and Literature in Popular Culture: Reading and Writing in Historical Perspective', in Harris, ed. Popular Culture, pp. 69-94.

Batchelor, Denzil, The English Inn, London, Batsford, 1964.

Bennett, Judith M., Ale, Beer, and Brewsters in England: Women's Work in a Changing World, 1300-1600, New York, Oxford University Press, 1996.

Bickerdyke, John, The Curiosities of Ale an Beer: An Entertaining History, London, Swan Sonnenschein, 1889.

Boardman, Kay, '"The Glass of Gin". Renegade Reading Possibilities in the Classic Realist Text' in Gendering the Reader, ed. Sara Mills, New York, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1994, pp.199-216.

Boorde, Andrew, Regiment of Health, London, 1542.

Boswell, James, Boswell's London Journal 1762-3, ed. Frederick A. Pottle, London, Heinemann, 1951.

Bottomley, Maurice, ‘Insiders, Outsiders and Taxpayers: Sub-cultural Drinking Spaces in Colin MacInnes' London Trilogy', paper given at ‘Drink, Drinkers and Drinking Places', University of Sheffield, 15/16 November, 1997.

Brennan, Thomas, Public Drinking and Popular Culture in Eighteenth-Century France, 1988.

Bretherton, R. F., 'Country Inns and Alehouses', in Reginald Lennard, ed., Englishmen at Rest and Play: Some Phases of English Leisure 1558-1714, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1931.

The Brewers' and Licensed Retailers' Association: The Story of the Pub, 1996.

Brewers' Society, Pubwatching, with Desmond Morris, Alan Sutton, 1993.

Bribery at Elections, British Parliamentary Papers (Report from the Select Committee on Bribery at Elections Together with Minutes of Evidence Appendix and Index), Shannon (Ireland), Irish University Press, 1968 [1835].

Brown, Pete, Man Walks into a Pub: A Sociable History of Beer, Macmillan, 2010 (second edition; first published 2003).

Brown, Pete, Three Sheets to the Wind. One Man's Quest for Beer. Pan, 2010 (second edition).

Brown,Pete, Hops and Glory. One Man's Search for the Beer that Built the British Empire. Pan, 2010.

Browne, Dr. Peter, A Discourse of Drinking Healths..., Dublin, 1716.

Buhner, S. H., Sacred and Herbal Healing Beers, the Secrets of Ancient Fermentation, Brewers Publications, 1998.

Burke, Thomas, The English Inn, London, Longmans, 1931.

--- English Inns, London, Collins, 1944.


Carter, Henry, The English Temperance Movement: A Study in Objectives, London, Hogarth Press, 1933.

Chartres, John, ‘No English Calvados? English Distillers and the Cider Industry in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries’ in John Chartres and David Hey, eds., English Rural Society, 1500–1800 (1990)

Cheyne, George, An Essay on Health and Long Life, London, 1724.

Child, Samuel, Every Man His Own Brewer, London, n.d. [1795].

Clark, Peter, ‘The ‘Mother Gin’ Controversy in the Early Eighteenth Century’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 5th Series 38 (1988).

--- The English Alehouse: A Social History 1200-1830, Longman, Harlow, 1983.

--- ‘The Alehouse and the Alternative Society', in Puritans and Revolutionaries: Essays in Seventeenth-Century History presented to Christopher Hill, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1976.

Coates, Neil, Best Pub Walks in the Lake District, Wilmslow, Cheshire, Sigma, 1998.

Cobbett, William, Cottage Economy: Containing Information relative to the brewing of BEER, making of BREAD..., London, Peter Davies, 1926, 1966 repr., [1822].

Colquhoun, Patrick, Observations and Facts Relative to Licensed Ale-Houses, in the City of London and its Environs, London, 1794.

Cooke, Michael G., 'De Quincey, Coleridge, and the Formal Uses of Intoxication', Yale French Studies, 26-40.

Cornell, Martyn, Beer: The Story of the Pint: The History of Britain's Most Popular Drink, Headline, 2003.

Courtwright, David T., Forces of Habit: Drugs and the Making of the Modern World, 2001.

Cowan, Bryan , The Social Life of Coffee (2005).


Dickens, Cedric, Drinking with Dickens, Goring-on-Thames, England, Elvendon Press, 1980.

Dillon, Patrick, The Much-Lamented Death of Madam Geneva, 2002.

Doran, Dr., Table Traits, with Something on Them, London, Richard Bentley, 1854.

Dorn, Nicholas, Alcohol, Youth and the State, London, Croom Helm, 1983.

Douglas, Mary, ed., Constructive Drinking: Perspectives on Drink from Anthropology, 1987.

Dunling, L., The Guinness Book of Drinking, 1992.

Dunlop, John, The Philosophy of Artificial and Compulsory Drinking Usage in Great Briatin and Northern Ireland, London, Houlston and Stoneman, 1839.


Eames, A. Secret Life of Beer: Legends, Lore and Little Known Facts, Storey Publishing, 1995.

Earnshaw, Steven, The Pub in Literature: England's Altered State, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2000.

--- 'The Reason for Drinking in Hardy's The Mayor of Casterbridge' in Varieties of Victorianism, ed. Gary Day, pp.142-60.


Fletcher, Anthony and John Stevenson, eds., Order and Disorder in Early Modern England, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1985. Introduction by Fletcher and Stevenson, pp.1-40.

Fox, K., Passport to the Pub, the Tourist's Guide to Pub Etiquete, BLRA, 1996.

French, R. V., Nineteen Centuries of Drink in England: A History, Second Edition - Enlarged and Revised, London, National Temperance Publication Depot. No date. [1st edition is 1884].

Fumerton, P., 'Not Home: Alehouses, Ballads, and the Vagrant Husband in Early Modern England', The Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 32.3 (2002), 493-518..


Oliver, Garrett, ed., The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford University Press, 2011.

George, M. Dorothy, London Life in the Eighteenth Century, Harmondsworth, Penguin (Peregrine), 1966 [1925].

Gillespie, Stuart, '"The Worst Inn's Worst Room": Pope's Setting for Buckingham's Death', Notes and Queries 37.3 (1990) 306-8.

Gilmour, Ian, Riot, Risings and Revolution. Governance and Violence in Eighteenth-Century England, London, Hutchinson, 1992.

Glanville, Philippa, and Sophie Lee, eds., The Art of Drinking. London: V&A Publications, 2007.

Glover, B., Brewing for Victory, Brewers, Beer and Pubs in World War II, Lutterworth Press, 1995.

Goddard, Eileen, Drinking in England and Wales in the Late 1980s, London, HMSO, 1991.

Goodman, Jordan, et al, eds., Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology, 1995.

Gorham, Maurice, Back to the Local. Ill. Edward Ardizzone. London: Faber, 2008. [Originally published 1949].

Gourvish, T. R. and Wilson, R. G. (eds), The British Brewing Industry 1830-1980, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Grove, John, (?) Wine, Beer, Ale, And Tobacco, Contending for Superiority. A Dialogue, London, 1658.


Hackwood, Frederick W., Inns, Ales, and Drinking Customs of Old England, London, T. Fisher Unwin, 1910. (Bracken Books reprint, 1985).

Haig, Stirling, '"By the Rivers of Babylon": Water and Exile in The Mayor of Casterbridge', The Thomas Hardy Yearbook 11 (1984), pp. 55-62.

Hailwood, Mark, ‘Sociability, Work and Labouring Identity in Seventeenth-Century England’, Cultural and Social History 8:1 (2011)

Hailwood, Mark, Alehouses and Good Fellowship in Early Modern England, Boydell Press, 2014.

Hailwood, Mark, 'Alehouses, Popular Politics and Plebeian Agency in Early Modern England', in Fiona Williamson, ed., Locating Agency: Space, Power and Popular Politics, pp. 51-76. Newcastle-Upon-Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010.

Hancock, David, Oceans of Wine: Madeira and the Emergence of American Trade and Taste, 2009.

Hanna, Ralph, 'Brewing Trouble: On Literature and History - and Ale-Wives', in Barbara Hanawalt and David Wallace, eds., Bodies and Disciplines: Intersections of Literature and History in Fifteenth-Century England, Minneapolis, 1996, pp. 1-17.

Harrison, Brian, Drink and the Victorians, 2nd Edition, Keele, Staffordshire, Keele University Press, 1994 [1971].

Harvey, Karen, ‘Barbarity in a Teacup? Punch, Domesticity and Gender in the Eighteenth Century’, Journal of Design History, 21.3, (2008)

Hawkins, K. H. and Pass, C. L., The Brewing Industry, a Study in Industrial Organisation and Public Policy, Heinemann Educational, 1979.

Haydon, P., The English Pub, a History, Robert Hale Ltd., 1994 (Reprinted in 2001 as Beer and Britannia, an Inebriated History of Britain, Alan Sutton).

Heal, Felicity, Hospitality in Early Modern England, 1990).

Heywood, Thomas, A Preparative to Studie: Or, The Vertue of Sack, London, 1641.

--- Philocothonista, or, the Drunkard, Opened, Dissected, and Anatomized, London, 1635.

Hindle, Steve, 'Custom, Festival and Protest in Early Modern England: The Little Budworth Wakes, St. Peter's Day, 1596', Rural History 6.2 (1995), 155-78.

Homans, G. C., English Villagers of the Thirteenth Century, Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1942.

Hutt, C., The Death of the English Pub, Arrow Books, 1973.


Irving, Washington, ‘The Boar's Head Tavern, Eastcheap' in The Sketch-Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. (1820), London, Cassell, n.d.


Jennings, Paul, The Local: A History of the English Pub. The History Press Ltd., 2010 (reprint).


Kennedy, Philip F., The Wine Song in Classical Arabic Poetry. Abu Nuwas and the Literary Tradition, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1997.

Kinross, Lord, The Kindred Spirit: A History of Gin and of the House of Booth, London, Neman Neamen, 1959.

Kumin, Beat, and B. Ann Tlusty, eds., The World of the Tavern, 2002.

Kumin, Beat, Drinking Matters: Public Houses and Social Exchange in Early Modern Central Europe, 2007.


Larwood, Jacob and John Camden Hotten, English Inn Signs, (Revised and Modernized), London, Chatto and Windus, 1951 [1866].

Legouis, Emile, 'The Bacchic Element in Shakespeare's Plays', in Aspects of Shakespeare's Plays, London, Abercrombrie, 1933, pp.84-107.

Leinwand, Theodore B., 'Spongy Plebs, Mighty Lords, and the Dynamics of the Alehouse', Journal of Medieval and Renaissance Studies 19.2 (1989), 159-84.

London, Jack, John Barleycorn or Alcoholic Memoirs, London, Mills and Boon, 1914.


Martin, A. Lynn, Alcohol, Violence and Disorder in Traditional Europe, 2009.

Mass Observation, The Pub and the People. A Worktown Study by Mass Observation, London, Victor Gollancz, 1943.

Mathias, P., The Brewing Industry in England 1700-1830, Cambridge University Press, 1959.

Matz, B. W., Dickensian Inns and Taverns, London, Cecil Palmer, 1922.

--- The Inns and Taverns of 'Pickwick' with Some Observations on their Other Associations, London, Cecil Palmer, 1921.

McCandless, Peter, '"Curses of Civilization": Insanity and Drunkenness in Victorian Britain', British Journal of Addiction 79 (1984), pp.49-58.

McCormick, Mairi, ‘First Representations of the Gamma Alcoholic in the English Novel', Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcoholism 30 (1969), pp.957-80.

McKenna, Brian, ‘Confessions of a Heavy-Drinking Marxist: Addiction in the Work of Patrick Hamilton' in Beyond the Pleasure Dome. Writing and Addiction from the Romantics, Sue Vice, Matthew Campbell and Tim Armstrong, eds., Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 1994, pp.231-44.

Monckton, H. A., A History of the English Public House, London, Bodley Head, 1969.

--- A History of English Ale and Beer, London, Bodley Head, 1966.

Montagu, Basil, Some Enquiries into the Effects of Fermented Liquors. 2nd Edition. London, 1818.

Montgomery, Robert M., The Licensing Laws: Relating to the Sale of Intoxicating Liquors, and to Theatres, Music, Dancing and Billiards [1800-1926]. Lightning Source (Makers of Modern Law series), 2010.


Nicholls, James, and Susan J. Owen, eds., A Babel of Bottles. Drink, Drinkers and Drinking Places in Literature. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press, 2000.

Nicholls, James, The Politics of Alcohol: A History of the Drink Question in England, 2009. Manchester: Manchester UP, 2009.

--- ‘Vinum Britannicum: the ‘Drink Question’ in Early Modern England’, The Social History of Alcohol and Drugs 22: 2 (2008).

Nye, John V. C., War, Wine and Taxes: The Political Economy of Anglo-French Trade, 1689–1900, 2007.


O'Brien, J. M., 'Attributes of Alcohol in the Old Testament', Drinking and Drug Practices Surveyor 18 (1982): 18-24.

O’Callaghan, Michelle, The English Wits. Literature and Sociability in Early Modern England, 2007.

Oliver, Garrett, ed., The Oxford Companion to Beer. Oxford UP, 2011.

Orwell, George, 'The Moon under Water' in The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, Volume 3, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1971 [1946], pp.63-65.

Osborn, Francis, 'A Character of an Host' in A Miscellany of Sundry Essayes, Paradoxes...', London, 1659, pp.197-9.

Owen, C. C., The Greatest Brewery in the World - a History of Bass, Ratcliff and Gretton, Derbyshire Record Society, 1992.


Paul, W. and Haiber, R., A Short, but Foamy, History of Beer - the Drink that Invented Itself, Info Devel Press, 1993.

Peck, John, 'Thackerary and Drink: Vanity Fair and The Newcomes' Dionysos (1992) 4.1: 14-18.

Pepper, B. and Protz, R. (eds), Beer Glorious Beer, Quiller Press, 2000.

Pink, Matthew, Field and Pink: Liquor Licensing Law and Practice, Second Edition, London, Sweet and Maxwell, 1991.

Place, Francis, Improvement of Working People. Drunkenness - Education, London, 1834.

Pollard, Tanya, Drugs and Theatre in Early Modern England, 2005.

Popham, H. E., The Taverns of London Topographically Arranged, Second Edition, London, Cecil Palmer, 1928 [1927].

Porter, Roy, ‘The drinking man’s disease: the pre-history of alcoholism in Georgian Britain’, British Journal of Addiction, 80 (1985).

Protz, R., The Great British Beer Book, Impact Books, 1987.

--- Pulling a Fast One, What the Brewers Have Done to Your Beer, Pluto Press, 1978.

--- and Millns, A., Called to the Bar, 21 Years of CAMRA, CAMRA, 1992.

Pudney, J., A Draught of Contentment, the Story of the Courage Group, New English Library, 1971.


Rawlidge, Richard, A Monster late found out and discovered. A discourse against Tipling and the Tipling Houses of the Citie of London, 1606.

Richardson, A. E. and H. Donaldson Eberlein, The English Inn Past and Present: A Review of its History and Social Life, London, Batsford, 1925.

Roulstone, Michael, Taverns in Town, St Ives, Huntingdon, Balfour/Traveller's Rest, 1973.

Richie, B., Good Company, the Story of Scottish and Newcastle, James and James, 1999.

Rosser, Gervase, ‘Going to the Fraternity Feast: Commensality and Social Relations in Late Medieval England’, Journal of British Studies 33 (1994).

Royal College of Psychologists, Alcohol: Our Favourite Drug, London, Tavistock Publications, 1986.

Rush, Benjamin, An Inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits upon the Human Body and Mind..., 7th Edition, Boston, 1812.


Salem, Frederick William, Beer, Its History and Its Economic Value as a National Beverage, reprint of 1880s edition, New York, Arno Press, 1972.

Sambrook , Pamela, Country House Brewing in England 1500-1900, London, The Hambledon Press, 1996.

Samuelson, James, The History of Drink. A Review, Social, Scientific, and Political, London, Trübner & Co., 1878.

Scheindlin, Raymond, Wine, Women and Death: Medieval Hebrew Poems on the Good Life, Philadelphia, Jewish Publication Society, 1986.

Schmid, Susanne, and Barbara Schmidt-Haberkamp, Drink in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, Pickering and Chatto, 2013.

Shadwell, Arthur, Drink in 1914-1922 A Lesson in Control, London, Longmans, Green and Co., 1923.

--- Drink, Temperance and Legislation, London, Longmans, Green and Co., 1903.

Shelley, Henry C., Inns and Taverns of Old London, London, Pitman, 1909.

Shepard, Alexandra, ‘Swil-bolls and tos-pots’: Drink Culture and Male Bonding in England, 1560–1640’ in Laura Gowing, Michael Hunter and Miri Rubin, eds., Love, Friendship and Faith in Europe, 1300–1800 (2005).

Sherratt, Andrew, ‘Alcohol and its Alternatives: Symbol and Substance in Pre-Industrial Cultures’ in Jordan Goodman et al, eds., Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology (1995)

Shiman, Lilian Lewis, Crusade against Drink in Victorian England, New York, St. Martin's Press, 1988.

Simon, Andre L., Bottlescrew Days. Wine Drinking in England During the Eighteenth Century, London, Duckworth, 1926.

Smith, G. and Getty, C., The Beer Drinker's Bible: Lore, Trivia and History, Brewers Publications, 1997.

Smyth, Adam, editor. A Pleasing Sinne. Drink and Conviviality in Seventeenth-Century England, Woodbridge, Suffolk, Boydell and Brewer, 2004.

Social Issues Research Centre, Drinking and Public Disorder, 1992.

Stephens, W. B., ‘English Wine Imports c. 1603–40, with Special Reference to the Devon Ports’ in Todd Gray et al, Tudor and Stuart Devon (Exeter, 1992).

Swinnen, Johan F. M., The Economics of Beer. Oxford UP, 2011.


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